Pigmentation Treatments in Singapore

Melasma, freckles, sunspots and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are just some common types of pigmentation conditions. Each condition has different causes and removal treatment methods. Using a combination of approaches, our doctors utilize non-invasive, safe and advanced equipment to remove your pigmentation effectively.

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Pigmentation Treatments in Singapore

Melasma, freckles, sunspots and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are just some common types of pigmentation conditions. Each condition has different causes and removal treatment methods. Using a combination of approaches, our doctors utilize non-invasive, safe and advanced equipment to remove your pigmentation effectively.

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What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation is any skin discolouration that is commonly caused by UV ray exposure, hormonal changes, genetics, skin injuries and medications. Pigment cells called melanin are produced by melanocytes in the skin.

Our Approach in Treating Pigmentation

There are many types of pigmentation. Book a consultation with our doctors and they will customise a treatment plan specific to your needs.

What is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation is any skin discolouration that is commonly caused by UV ray exposure, hormonal changes, genetics, skin injuries and medications. Pigment cells called melanin are produced by melanocytes in the skin. Genetically, Asians have higher melanin content compared to individuals from other races and are generally more susceptible to pigmentation conditions. Furthermore, in Singapore, having strong year-long sun exposure further increases Singaporeans’ susceptibility to sun damage in the form of pigmentation conditions.

What are the different types of pigmentation?

The common types of skin pigmentation are:

 

Melasma

One of the most common forms of pigmentation, these are large, brown patches that appear on the forehead, cheeks, and upper lip. These patches may become darker after sun exposure. Melasma can be triggered by a combination of factors such as ancestry and genetics, sun exposure, and hormones. 

 

Freckles

Another very common form of pigmentation, freckles usually occur in brown or beige shades of flat small circles. Freckles often appear as a darker shade than the skin. They are sometimes caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, and especially affects women who have fairer skin. Freckles can also be hereditary. 

 

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is often seen as dark spots on the face after acne has resolved. Hence, PIH is sometimes mistaken for acne scarring. 

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is generally caused by trauma to the skin such as burns, excessive rubbing, rashes, or irritation to the skin caused by chemicals. Eczema is also known to cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. 

 

Seborrheic Keratosis 

Distinguished as light brown or black spots on your face, seborrheic keratosis bumps have a rough texture, look waxy, scaly and slightly raised. 

These are typically found in elder women or those who have a family history of Seborrheic Keratosis. 

 

Solar Lentigo (Age Spots)

A common form of pigmentation in people over the age of 40, solar lentigo happens when UV rays cause melanocytes in the skin to multiply. They not only appear on the face, but all areas of the body that have prolonged exposure to the sun. 

What are the causes of pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation occurs when there is excessive production of melanin, which can be caused by a wide variety of factors, including but not limited to sun damage, genetics, exposure to extreme heat, hormones, and inflammation.

 

Excessive Sun/UV Light Exposure

This is the number one cause of pigmentation. Excessive exposure to UV rays, whether from sun exposure or other forms, can damage your melanocytes. This may cause an overproduction of melanin, resulting in pigmentation of the skin.

This is further exacerbated in Singapore due to the year-round summer sun we are constantly exposed to. Prolonged sun exposure without proper sun protection significantly increases Singaporeans’ susceptibility to sun damage.

 

Exposure to Pollutants

Chemicals, both acid or alkaline, can irritate the skin. This irritation leads to overactivity of melanin production.

 

Skin Inflammation/Injury

Skin Inflammation or injuries such as acne lesions or psoriasis are common causes for a pigmentation condition called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This usually occurs as a result of trauma to the skin, stimulating melanocytes to increase melanin production. Examples are: attempting to pop a pimple or excessively scratching your face.

 

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes due to pregnancy is a common trigger for pigmentation conditions like melasma. Oestrogen and progesterone are thought to stimulate the overproduction of melanin when the skin is exposed to the sun.

 

Medication

Some medications increase your sensitivity to UV rays from sun exposure or other lights, a reaction known as photosensitivity. Common medications that cause photosensitivity are antibiotics like doxycycline, retinoid acne medications and oral contraceptives.

 

Excessive Heat

Heat is known to cause pigmentation, even when not exposed directly to sunlight. This is further exacerbated in Singapore due to the year-round tropical climate we are constantly exposed to.

 

Genetics & Ancestry

Individuals with darker skin types may be genetically predisposed to have a higher susceptibility to skin pigmentation. A family history of pigmentation conditions can also increase the chances of skin pigmentation for an individual.

Pigmentation Removal Treatment

Skin pigmentation conditions are curable. Each individual has different types of skin conditions and may have had a different trigger which caused the pigmentation condition. Book a consultation with our doctors and they will customise an effective pigmentation removal treatment plan specific to your skin type and needs.

Lightening Creams

Lightening creams are treatments that contain ingredients to help lighten pigmentation. These creams are available over the counter or through prescriptions. They’re usually applied once or twice a day to help lighten the skin over time but these will take a longer time to work.

Common Ingredients found in lightening products include:

  • Hydroquinone
  • Licorice extract
  • N-acetylglucosamine
  • Niacinamide

Retinoids

Retinoids are useful in the treatment of pigmentation because they curb the production of melanin and speed up cell turnover. The most commonly prescribed form of retinoid is Tretinoin. You should use retinoids only as instructed by your doctor as overusing may cause irritation, excessive dryness and discolouration of the skin.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels use a stronger concentration of acids to treat the skin. They reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation by removing the epidermis. Chemical peels may not be the best option for you if you’re out in the sun on a regular basis, as they can cause your skin to be more sensitive to the sun’s rays and pigmentation may worsen if UV protection is not adequately applied.

Dermaceutic Mela Peel Forte

The Dermaceutic Mela Peel Forte is a medium depth chemical peel treatment for treating skin pigmentation. Chemical peel treatments often contain acid and concentrated active ingredients that cause the skin to exfoliate, triggering collagen production.

This results in an even skin tone and smoother, brighter and more radiant skin complexion.It is effective for treating epidermal pigmented lesions such as sun spots, epidermal melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It is a medium depth peel that and is a safe and effective treatment approach for deeper types of pigmentation.

How does the Dermaceutic Mela Peel Forte treat pigmentation?

The Dermaceutic Mela Peel Forte offers a two-pronged approach to treating skin pigmentation:

  1. Active Peel – this step prepares and exfoliates the skin to ensure fast penetration of subsequent steps active ingredients.
  2. Mela Peel – Inhibits the production of pigment cells in the long term and exfoliates the skin to decrease the appearance of pigmentation.

The Dermaceutic Mela Peel Forte is a medium depth peel that has a formula of highly concentrated active ingredients to achieve optimal efficiency of pigmentation removal. This peel treatment greatly reduces the appearance of pigment spots without the use of pigmentation laser, achieving your desired even skin tone and complexion. It also boosts skin radiance and brightness.
This treatment is suitable for all skin types and provides lasting results, proven to be effective on all mechanisms of pigmentation.

How long does the procedure take and is it painful?

The procedure takes about 30 minutes. During the treatment, you may experience a warm, tingling sensation when the peel is applied onto your face. Generally, the peel is comfortable and painless.

How many sessions do I need?

1-2 treatments are recommended for optimal results for pigmentation removal.

Q-switched Nd:YAG laser

The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is a non-invasive and non-ablative laser which use advanced laser technology to destroy and remove pigment cells. It has two wavelengths (532 and 1064) that are ideal for treating pigments in both the upper (epidermis) and lower (dermis) layers of the skin. It is a non-ablative laser, meaning that it penetrates into the desired layer of the skin without disrupting the skin layers above.

How does the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser treatment help pigmentation?

The laser treatment penetrates into the desired layer of the skin with pigmentation and effectively blasts pigment cells into micro pieces. After that, these pigment cells are naturally removed by the skin by the skin’s natural removal process. At the same time, the laser energy stimulates skin-boosting collagen production and rejuvenates the skin, resulting in better-textured skin, improved pores and reduction in fine lines. By reducing the number of pigment cells, the dark spots will be removed and there will be an overall brightening effect on the face.

Which pigmentation condition can the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser treat?

The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser treatment is an effective method that has been clinically proven to be able to treat common pigmentation conditions such as:

  • Melasma
  • Freckles
  • Sunspots, age spots, dark spots
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Other than pigmentation removal, the laser has skin rejuvenation and brightening effects as well.

What should I expect during the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser treatment?

We will provide you with protective goggles to protect your eyes from the laser. During the laser treatments, you may experience a warm, tingling sensation during the laser. Generally, the laser is comfortable and painless.

How long does the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser treatment procedure take?

The treatment duration is fast and takes about 15 minutes. There is minimal downtime and you can resume your daily activities after the laser treatment.

How many sessions do I need?

4-6 sessions are recommended. The laser treatments should be 4 weeks apart and can be combined with topical creams. This will drastically improve the results and reduce the chance of post-inflammatory pigmentation.

Fotona Starwalker®️ MAQx picosecond laser system (FDA Approved)

Using a combination of ultrashort pulse peak powers of a picosecond laser with the peak energies of a nanosecond Q-switched laser, Fotona Starwalker®️ MAQx picosecond laser system delivers higher pulse energy (1064 mm wavelength) as compared with Pico Lasers, thus has the ability to deliver faster results.

Minimally invasive, this FDA approved, patented MaQX pulse modalities produce powerful bursts of laser energy to:

  • Break apart skin pigmentations into smaller, more easily eliminated particles, after which they are naturally removed by the skin, thereby reducing pigmentation;
  • Stimulate collagen production and rejuvenates the skin resulting in better-textured skin
  • Treat active acne and scars
  • Treat Solar Lentigo, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
  • Remove Tattoos

Hyfrecator®️

The hyfrecator is used to rapidly and selectively destroy tissue by the passage of an electric current through the tip of s the hyfrecator as it touches the skin. This can be used to burn off the tissue and treat conditions like Seborrheic keratosis.

Skin Supplements

Skin-brightening supplements have risen to popularity as many people have started integrating supplements into their daily skincare regime to complement their topical products for enhanced results. This is especially in Asia where sun exposure is high and contributes to skin pigmentation and aging. They are usually formulated with concentrated doses of active ingredients and antioxidants that work from the inside out to provide both skin whitening and sun protection in each dose.

Some factors to consider:

  1. The dosage and concentration of the active ingredients:
    Do they provide synergistic qualities that both protect against UV damage as well as decrease melanin production? Do they have added powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects which can improve skin texture and fight against skin ageing?
  2. The country of production: Is it from a reputable country? Any certification to ensure safety in consumption?
  3. The reliability of the manufacturers: Are the active ingredients used made from good quality sources and safe for consumption? Any tests run for Product Safety?

At Fusion Medical, we have LM Soelle Snow Radiance Oral Whitening supplements which fulfil all these criteria.

FAQ About Pigmentation Treatments in Singapore

  • Which pigmentation removal treatment should I choose?

    All our pigmentation removal treatments are highly effective treatments that are suitable for all skin types and carry minimal risk.

     

    However, every individual has different skin types, skin conditions and family history. Book a consultation with us now and our doctors will be able to recommend the best treatment plan according to your specific skin type and needs.

  • Are there any side effects?

    For the laser treatments and chemical peel treatments, some mild redness could occur but should go away in no time. Our doctors will also prescribe aftercare creams to ensure optimal results.

  • How long do the results last? Will my pigmentation come back?

    For optimal results, you should follow the number of treatment sessions recommended by the doctor closely. The doctors may also recommend treatments to be combined with topical creams to further treat your pigmentation condition effectively.

     

    After you have completed the pigmentation removal treatment, it is recommended to come back for maintenance treatments to ensure long-lasting results. Proper skincare and sun protection regimes should also be adopted, especially in Singapore’s sunny climate. All these factors can effectively reduce the chances of your pigmentation from coming back.

  • Can Pigmentation Be Prevented?

    Not all pigmentation can be prevented. Measures should be taken in our lifestyle and skincare regime to minimise the onset or worsening of pigmentation as the biggest culprit is sun exposure. One should try to minimise strong sun exposure and adopt sun protection measures with both topical and oral UV protection where possible.

Every individual has different triggers, causes and family history which affects pigmentation. At Fusion Medical, we offer a wide variety of effective treatment options for pigmentation removal, to ensure that we cater to your every need.

Skin pigmentation conditions are curable. All our pigmentation removal treatments are highly effective treatments that are suitable for all skin types and carry minimal risk.

At Fusion Medical, we understand your frustration in dealing with pigmentation conditions. Book a consultation with our doctors and they will customise an effective pigmentation removal treatment plan specific to your needs.

About Fusion Medical

Fusion Medical was set up in the year 2015. Our founders, being passionate about offering one-stop quality healthcare services at affordable rates, decided to set up the first Executive Medical Centre in One-North. This centre is equipped with diagnostic and imaging equipment to provide convenience to our patients. Diagnostic and imaging equipment include X-Ray, Ultrasound, ECG treadmill, Spirometry, Tonometry, Mammogram, Electrocardiogram, Audiometry Tests and Bone Densitometry.

  • Our Doctors

    Dr Wenus Ho

    Dr Wenus Ho is a family physician and a designated workplace doctor with more than a decade of clinical experience. She is also currently a postgraduate tutor for the Graduate Diploma of Family Medicine (GDFM) Training Program in the Yong Yoo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore....

    Qualifications

    • MBChB (Edinburgh)
    • Postgraduate diploma of dermatology with distinction, The University of London.
    • Postgraduate diploma from the Royal College of Physician, UK (MRCP UK)
    • Diploma of Obstetrics and Gynaecology from the Royal college of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, UK
    • Graduate diploma of family medicine, National university of Singapore
    • Graduate diploma of occupational medicine, National University of Singapore.
    • Diploma of aesthetic medicine, American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine
    • Certificate of competencies in botox, dermal fillers, ablative laser, intense pulse light and chemical peels
    • Certificate of Korean Thread Lifting, The American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine
    • Certificate of Vaginal Rejuvenation treatment, The American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine
    • Certificate of Bioidentical hormonal replacement, Marion Gluck Academy, United Kingdom
  • Our Doctors

    Dr Amy Kaonang

    Dr Amy graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from the National University of Singapore (NUS) in 2008 and has undergone various postings in emergency departments, inpatient wards and polyclinics. She found her calling in Family Medicine and went on to attain...

    Qualifications

    • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
    • Graduate Diploma in Family Medicine (GDFM)
    • Graduate Diploma in Family Practice Dermatology (GDip FP Derm)
  • Our Doctors

    Dr Juliana Latif

    After graduating from Guys’, King’s and St Thomas’ School of Medicine in the United Kingdom, Dr Juliana went on to complete her Graduate Diploma in Family medicine at the National University of Singapore. She is currently pursuing her diploma in Occupational Medicine. Dr Juliana applies her...

    Qualifications

    • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Kings’ College London, UK
    • Graduate Diploma in Family Medicine, National University of Singapore
    • Master of Science in Non-surgical Facial Aesthetics, Anglia Ruskin University, UK
    • Diplomate in Anti-aging and Regenerative Medicine, American Board of Anti-aging & Regenerative medicine
    • Diploma in Aesthetic Medicine, American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine
    • Korean Thread Lifting Master Course, American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine
    • Certificate in competence in Skin Rejuvenation (Fractional Lasers), Chemical peels, Filler injection, Botulinum toxin injection, Laser for treating skin pigmentation and Assisted lasers or intense pulsed light for hair removal awarded by the Aesthetic Dermatology Educational Group, Singapore
    • Certificate of Vaginal Rejuvenation treatment, The American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine
    • Certificate of Bioidentical hormonal replacement, Marion Gluck Academy, United Kingdom

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Fusion Medical @ Wheelock

Mon-Fri : 8:30am – 5:30pm
Sat : 8:30am – 1:00pm
Sun / PH : Closed

Fusion Medical @ Fusionopolis

Mon-Fri : 8:30am – 5:30pm
Sat/Sun / PH : Closed

Why Choose Fusion Medical

1

We Make Things Easy For You

Our clinics are centrally located in Wheelock Place and Fusionopolis, giving you easy access to quality healthcare services whenever you need it. Appointments are easy, too. Request an appointment online or call us.

2

Female Doctors Who Understand You

Our female doctors offer a broad range of screening and medical services, personalised just for you. Doctor-patient relationships can last a lifetime, and we believe that it is important to have a doctor who truly understands you. We strive to do the best we can to make you feel comfortable.

3

Fully Equipped Clinics

We are committed to meeting your specific needs at our clinic. Our clinics are fully equipped with diagnostic and imaging equipment to provide one-stop convenience for you.

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