Pigmentation

 

Pigmentation

 
 
What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation is any skin discolouration that is commonly caused by UV ray exposure, hormonal changes, genetics, skin injuries and medications. Pigment cells called melanin are produced by melanocytes in the skin.

The common types of pigmentation are:

  • Melasma
  • Freckles
  • Sunspots
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (which occurs after skin injury including acne lesions)
 
 
 
 
 

Treatment Option 1: Q-switched Nd:YAG laser

 
This type of laser has two wavelengths (532 and 1064) that are ideal for treating pigments in both the upper (epidermis) and lower (dermis) layer of the skin. It is non-ablative meaning that it penetrates into the desired layer of the skin without disrupting the layers above where it can effectively blast pigment cells into smaller pieces after which they are naturally removed by the skin. At the same time, the laser energy also stimulates collagen production and rejuvenates the skin resulting in better-textured skin, improved pores and reduction in fine lines.

4-6 sessions are recommended 4 weeks apart and can be combined with topical applications to improve the results and reduce the chance of post-inflammatory pigmentation.
 
 

Treatment Option 2: Dermaceutic Mela Peel Forte

The Mela Peel is effective for treating epidermal pigmented lesions such as sunspots, epidermal melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

It has 2 combined actions:

  1. Active Peel- this step prepares and exfoliates the skin to ensure fast penetration of subsequent steps active ingredients
  2. Mela Peel – Inhibits the production of pigmented cells and exfoliates the skin to decrease the appearance of pigmentation.