HPV is the short form for Human Papillomavirus. HPV is a family of very common viruses that cause almost all cervical cancers,
plus a variety of other problems like common warts, genital warts and plantar warts.
HPV also causes cancers of the vulva, vagina, anus, and cancers of the head and neck. Both women and men become infected with HPV types that cause cervical cancer through sexual intercourse and sexual contact.
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. It is common in all sexually active people. At least 70% of sexually active people will get HPV at some time in their lives. HPV is most common in young women and men who are in their late teens and early 20s
The only way to know if you have an HPV infection is screening. Women 30 years of age and older can have both the Pap test and the HPV test for cervical cancer screening.